No dating sabbatical biblical
The fourth year of Solomon is not a round year and the precise month when the building began, Ziv, is given according to the old calendar, not the one adopted during the Babylonian Exile.The same precision is encountered with the completion date for the Temple in the 11th year of Solomon, in the month of Bul.Thus the mere use of the name of Ramesses is not a secure basis upon which to identify the Pharaoh of the Exodus and, through him, to date the Exodus.The 15th Century Exodus The other approach to dating the Exodus through Biblical evidence is the chronological approach.The theory that dates the Exodus in the time of the 19th Dynasty in the 13th century BC utilizes the name of Ramesses for the store city that the Israelites built for Pharaoh (Ex ).The long-lived Ramesses II was known as a great builder.The Biblical book of Exodus does not name the Pharaoh whom Moses encountered after his return from Sinai. The bibliographies in these sections are of more value than the discussions in the text, which adopts a very negative view on the historicity of the Exodus.This absence has provided the occasion for considerable controversy and speculation as to just who this Pharaoh was and when he ruled in Egypt. A strong picture has been made for the 19th Dynasty as the background for the Exodus in the work of K. Kitchen, to give a negative evaluation to the historicity of the Biblical account and that left him free to construct his theology unhampered by historical limitations (1962). Ernest Wright, on the other hand, held that theology must ultimately be rooted in history in his (1983).
The 13th Century Exodus Dating the Exodus on the basis of Biblical evidence has involved either one of two approaches.The location of his delta capital is known and part of his palace there has been excavated.The use of this evidence to date the Biblical Exodus is complicated, however, by the use of the same name of Ramesses for the land to which the Patriarchs came centuries earlier (Gn 47:1l; cf. Since no ruler is known by the name of Ramesses that early in Egyptian history, both of these references to Ramesses look like an updating of an earlier place name.Biblical Chronology The starting point for such a study of chronology is in the monarchy, for 1 Kings 6:1 dates the Exodus a particular time span back from a regnal year of Solomon. The reign of Rehoboam who followed Solomon in Judah was calculated according to the accession year system which means that Year 1 started the year after Rehoboam, likewise Solomon, came to the throne.For Solomon this means that 971/970 BC was his accession year and 970/969 BC was his first full regnal year (Thiele 1965: 28–30). The Exodus occurred in the spring and Solomon’s Temple building began in the spring (the month after Passover), and thus the building began in the spring of 966 BC, between the two Tishri new years.